Bioavailability of microplastics to marine zooplankton: effect of shape and infochemicals

, Botterell Zara, Beaumont Nicola, Cole Matthew, Hopkins Frances, Steinke Michael, Thompson Richard, Lindeque Penelope.

The underlying mechanisms that influence microplastic ingestion in marine zooplankton remain poorly understood. We investigate how microplastics of a variety of shapes (bead, fibre and fragment), in combination with the algal-derived infochemicals dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), affect the ingestion rate of microplastics in three species of zooplankton, the copepods Calanus helgolandicus and Acartia tonsa, and larvae of the European lobster Homarus gammarus. We show that shape affects microplastic bioavailability to different species of zooplankton, with each species ingesting significantly more of a certain shape: C. helgolandicus – fragments (P

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