Water assessment in the Bunaken-Tangkoko- Minahasa Biosphere Reserve proposal site and its impact to improve participatory management and co-creation of knowledge

, Hernandez-Salinas Alberto.

Polluted urban storm water runoff, industries spills and waste, and sediment loading and solid waste transport into water bodies of great rivers. These have direct impacts on the quality of surface waters and groundwater. Emerging pollutants present new water quality challenges (UN-water report 2018). Rivers and lakes can play the role of green and blue corridors to let the biodiversity moves and become more resilient. By improve the ecological resilience and the environmental health, we will ensure a better quality of their ecosystem services that prevent human population diseases, mitigate climate change impact and soon. Under a landscape perspective, this study will try to provide a general view of the existing knowledge of the water, including surface and groundwater. It is essential to understand the water situation in the Biosphere Reserve and to integrate it in the management of this site as a holistic approach. The study will be carried out within the framework of the nomination of the Bunaken-Tangkoko-Minahasa Biosphere Reserve (BR) (North Sulawesi, Indonesia). The process of recognition of the BR has been delayed as a result of the global pandemic by COVID-19. It comprises an area of 746,412.54 Ha that contributes significantly to the conservation of the landscape, ecosystems and biodiversity at a regional scale. It is made up of five core areas that together encompasses the variety of highly biodiverse tropical coastal and marine ecosystems within the Wallacea Biodiversity Hotspot. This site provides a very suitable place to test novel management for the conservation of natural resources, including water, as well as sustainable practices at the regional scale (MAB Indonesia-LIPI, 2019). It will highlight local activities from different sectors to promote co-knowledge and community of practices (Onaindia et al., 2020) and University cooperation.

View online